Rural Sanitation

  • Home Rural Sanitation

Notable achievement:

Different Constractions Figures
Construction of Individual Household latrine: 82,32,513
Construction of Community Sanitary Complex: 7,8,56
Construction of Central Processing Unit for SWM: 282
Villages Partially saturated with Grey Water Management: 3,4,16

Mission Nirmal Bangla

The journey of Mission Nirmal Bangla had commenced on the World Toilet Day in 2013, way ahead of launching of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) by the Government of India on 02.10.2014. Since then the State Government has relentlessly worked in a sustained manner for eradicating the menace of open defecation from the rural West Bengal ensuring sustainable behaviour change within the community.

On 19th November, 2013 on the occasion of celebration of World Toilet Day, Hon’ble MIC, P&RD and PHE Departments administered oath to all the District Magistrates of the State to achieve Open Defecation Free West Bengal on or before 2nd October, 2019. Baseline survey was conducted in 2012-13 and 66,34,834 individual household latrines have been constructed in all Gram Panchayats of the State. Finally Hon’ble Chief Minister declared the rural West Bengal open defecation free (ODF) on 3rd August, 2019.The Government of West Bengal, under its Mission Nirmal Bangla programme, endeavors to achieve the larger objectives of:

  • Bringing about positive changes in the physical quality of life in the villages by promoting cleanliness, hygiene education, elimination open defecation and proper management of Solid and Liquid Waste including black water and faecal sledge.
  • Reduction in child mortality and morbidity, overall mortality and morbidity by reducing chances of water borne and fecal borne diseases due to prevalence of open defecation and waste management
  • Reducing the drop out of children from schools, especially girls due to lack of appropriate sanitation facilities in schools.
  • Reducing the loss of active workdays due to prevalence of diarrheal diseases among the wage seekers.

Presently big things coming up in rural areas under Mission Nirmal Bangla are Waste reduction, reuse and management (SWM). Another focusing area of the Mission is Plastic Waste Management (PWM) and clean environment. It significantly contributes to sustainable socio-economic development and particularly have direct positive impact on health, nutritional, educational and mental abilities of children and society at large. In view of this, Mission Nirmal Bangla(MNB)- Phase-II under Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal has taken up ODF- Sustainability and Plus related activities to fulfill its second phase mission goal. The key programmatic areas identified for ODF Plus for the current phase of the programming are:

  • Solid and Liquid Resource Management (SLRM) where solid and liquid waste is to be used as a valuable resource.
  • Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) with focus on breaking myths and taboos, creating awareness on hygienic management of menstruation and effective management of menstrual waste.
  • Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (FSM) is another area of concern where safe and scientific practices in collection, transport, treatment of septage and faecal waste, and appropriate options in disposal or safe reuse of treated black water in rural area.
  • Plastic is one of the most popular materials used all around the world. This waste, if not managed properly, has numerous ill effects on the environment and living beings. Hence, Plastic Waste Management (PWM) is our important component for second phase.

The Gram Panchayats are entrusted with the planning and implementation of the all tasks at the grass root level with the help of support organizations / SHGs / NGOs/ CBOs etc.

In view of present extraordinary circumstances the robust IEC and BCC activities for Public awareness generation, community mobilization and capacity building of the concerned work force on Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM), Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM), Plastic Waste Management (PWM) etc. has been planned for all levels. More emphasis given to dissemination of messages through social media, mass media, posters, leaflets, banners, hoardings, jingles, audio- visuals spots, street theater, magic show, community meeting, community triggering, public meeting, face to face discussion etc.