Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen)
- Home Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen)
|Construction of Individual Household latrine:
|Construction of Community Sanitary Complex:
|Construction of Central Processing Unit for SWM :
|No. of ODF Plus Aspiring village:
|No. of ODF Plus Rising village:
|No. of ODF Plus Model village:
Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen)
The journey of Open Defecation Free had commenced in the State on the World Toilet Day in 2013 with the mission to achieve Open Defecation Free West Bengal on or before 2nd October, 2019. Since then, the State Government has relentlessly worked in a sustained manner for eradicating the menace of open defecation from the rural West Bengal ensuring sustained behavioural change within the community. Finally, Hon’ble Chief Minister declared the rural West Bengal open defecation free (ODF) on 3rd August, 2019. The increase in % of access to sanitation brought about following changes:
- Bringing about positive changes in the quality of life in the villages by promoting cleanliness, hygiene education, elimination open defecation and proper management of Solid and Liquid Waste including black water and faecal sledge.
- Reduction in child mortality and morbidity, overall mortality and morbidity by reducing chances of water borne and faecal borne diseases due to prevalence of open defecation and waste management
- Reducing the drop out of children from schools, especially girls due to lack of appropriate sanitation facilities in schools.
- Reducing the loss of active workdays due to prevalence of diarrheal diseases among the wage seekers.
Activities that are being taken up at present are:
- Solid Waste Management (SWM): Solid waste generated at households, markets, offices, other institutions will be managed at Central Processing Unit (centralised model) or at para /mahalla /sansad level by composting of biodegradable waste and selling of segregated recyclable waste to aggregators. Waste management at household level is also a priority.
- Liquid Waste Management (LWM): Kitchen Garden, construction of platform and soak pit/leach pit at household and community level are primary measure of liquid waste management. If required Gravitation based treatment plants like inline treatment plants/horizon filter bed, constructed wet land and DEWATS will also be constructed.
- Plastic Waste Management (PWM): Plastic is collected from Gram Panchayat areas and segregated and recycled at block level. Depending upon availability of waste plastic, one plastic recycling units have been planned to be established in every block. Value addition to recyclable plastics through mechanical processes is done in these units.
- Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) with focus on breaking myths and taboos, creating awareness on hygienic management of menstruation and effective management of menstrual waste.
- Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (FSM) is another area of concern for safe and scientific practices in collection, transport, treatment and proper disposal or safe reuse of septage and faecal waste, especially from septic tank and single pit toilets. One FSTP with planted bed technology is being constructed at Jhamtia GP in Amta-II block in Howrah. DPR has already prepared for another nine locations.
- GOBARdhan: One GOBARdhan project with 40 CuM capacity is already operationalised in Purba Bardhaman. Three similar units will be soon operational in Alipurduar, Hooghly & North 24 Parganas.